Purusa Purusa: The other of the two co-present co-eternal realities of Sankhya is the Purusa, the principal of pure Consciousness. Purusa is the soul, the self, the spirit, the subject, the knower. It is neither body nor senses nor Brain nor mind (manas) nor ego (ahankara) nor intellect (buddhi). It is not a substance which possesses … Read more


Prakrti Prakrti: The theory that causation means a real transformation of the material cause leads to the concept of Prakrti as the root-cause of the world of objects. All worldly effects are latent in this uncaused cause, because infinite regress has to be avoided. It is the potentiality of nature, ‘the receptacle and nurse of … Read more

Theory Of Causation

Theory Of Causation Theory Of Causation: Let us first consider the Sankhya theory of causation on which its doctrine of Prakrti is based. The basic question involved in any theory o f causation is: Does the effect pre-exist in its material cause? Those who answer this question in the negative are called Asatkaryavadins, while those who … Read more


Sankhya Sankhya is undoubtedly one of the oldest systems of Indian Philosophy. We find references to the Sankhya-Yoga doctrines in some of the Upanisads, in the Chhandogya, the Prashna, the Katha and particularly in the Shvetashvatara ; in the Mahabharata ; in the Gita ; and in the Smrti  and the Purnas. Badarayana , the … Read more

Shunyavada: destructive dialectic

Shunyavada: destructive dialectic Shunyavada: destructive dialectic>> Before the mighty strokes of the destructive dialectic of Nagarjuna and his commentator Chandrakirti the entire structure of phenomenal  objects crumbles down like a house of cards or a palace on sand.  The external objects and the individual subject, matter, motion, causality, time, space, thinghood, qualities, relation, attributes, substance, … Read more