Sri Aurobindo


Sri Aurobindo Sri Aurobindo:- The justification for including Sri Aurobindo’s philosophy under ‘the Schools of Vedanta’, if any justification were required, is that almost every page of ‘The Life Divine’ is inspired by the creative vision of the seers of the Vedas and the sages of the Upanisads.    As a free commentator on Vedanta, … Read more

Knowledge and Perception

Knowledge and Perception Knowledge (jnana) or cognition (buddhi) is defined as apprehension (upalabdhi) or consciousness (anubhava). Nyaya, being realistic, believes that knowledge reveals both the subject and the object which are quite distinct from itself. All knowledge is a revelation or manifestation of objects (arthaprakasho buddhi). Just as a lamp manifests physical things placed before … Read more



Inference The second kind of knowledge is anuma or inferential or relational and its means is called anumana or inference. It is defined as that cognition which presupposes some other cognition.   It is mediate and indirect and arises through a ‘mark’, the ‘middle term’ (linga or hetu) which is invariably connected with the ‘major … Read more

A Brief Historical Survey Of Buddhism And Vedanta

A Brief Historical Survey Of Buddhism And Vedanta The Upanisads are the fountainhead of all Indian Philosophy. Buddha did not preach anything absolutely new. He was disgusted with the orthodox Vedic ritual, with the sacrifices in which animals were butchered, with the rigidity of the caste system and with the supremacy of the Brahmandom. Buddha … Read more

Vishesa (vaishesika)

Vishesa (vaishesika) Vishesa (vaishesika): The fifth category is Vishesa or particularity. It enables us to perceive things as different from one another. Every individual is a particular, a single and a unique thing different from all others. It has got a uniqueness of its own which constitutes its particularity. It is opposed to generality. Generality … Read more