Shunyavada And Vedanta

Shunyavada And Vedanta Shunyavada And Vedanta: Our exposition of Shunyavada will at once make it clear how similar it is to Vedanta. We have clearly proved that shunya does not mean a mere negation nor does Shunyavada mean nihilism.  Shunya is used in a double sense. It means Maya as well as Brahman. Empirically it … Read more


Vaishesika The Vaishesika system is next to Sankhya in origin and is of greater antiquity than the Nyaya. It may be prior to and is certainly not later than Buddhism and Jainism.  The word is derived from ‘Vishesa’ which means particularity or distinguishing feature or distinction. The Vaishesika philosophy, therefore, is pluralistic realism which emphasizes … Read more


GOD The original Sankhya was monistic and theistic. But the classical Sankhya, perhaps under the influence of Materialism, Jainism and Early Buddhism, became atheistic. It is orthodox because it believes in authority of the Veda. It does not establish the non-existence of God. It only shows that Prakrti and Purusas are sufficient to explain this … Read more

Bondage And Liberation

Bondage And Liberation The earthly life is full of three kinds of pain. The first kind, called adhyatmika, is due to intra-organic psychophysical causes and includes all mental and bodily sufferings. The second, adhibhautika, is due to extra-organic natural causes like men, beasts, birds, thorns etc. The third, adhidaivika, is due to supernatural causes like … Read more

The Evolutes (Sankhya)

The Evolutes (Sankhya) The Evolutes (Sankhya)>>The  first product of the evolution is called Mahat, the Great. It is the germ of this vast world of objects including intellect, ego and mind. It is cosmic in its nature. But it has a psychological aspect also in which it is called buddhi or intellect. Buddhi is distinguished … Read more